Ny Bar Exam Essay Example

Explanation 04.02.2020

I think that they are good sharpening analytical skills.

Always wanted to know, and you guys are providing the challenge. Thanks, and please keep the questions coming. One of my classmates recommended this to me. This gave me the inspiration to further my research in law. While writing the books, I received advice from a psychologist who told me that stories are easier to remember than rules. So for each tested bar topic, I included a case that reflects a story relating to the rule. BarPrepHero is the only test site that I have participated in which explains virtually all of its answers with a related case, and as such provides a mechanism for retaining rules through stories. Five stars in my book! I have taken and passed the California bar exam previously and I am studying for the Tennessee bar exam currently. I feel that the questions provided are not as difficult as the actual MBE questions on the exam, but they are an excellent refresher and a wonderful study aid. This 43 page analysis reports statistics such as words, characters, paragraphs, sentences, sentences per paragraph, words per sentence, characters per word, Flesch reading ease, and Flesch-Kincaid grade level. The analysis illustrates how your answers statistically differ from the released above average answers and other examinee essays. I also analyze word frequencies and report any useful data. Examinee essays are also compared to the highest scoring essay I received. For example, one comparison reports the top 10 words the best answer used that the examinee did not. If you submit your essays for this analysis, while the essays are used for comparison purposes, any identifying information will be redacted and the identity of the essay writer will be confidential. Please note that it may take two weeks or more to receive an analysis if your essays are sent to me immediately after the exam results are released. A detailed explanation of the analysis is below Click here to read more about this The information in the analysis will help you improve your overall written score. The analysis illustrates how your answers statistically differ from the released above average answers and other examinee essays, including the highest scoring examinee essay I receive. I then report the top 25 the ones that lead to the best examinee scores. The 'With Word' column reports how many examinees used that word along with the average points these examinees received green is above passing while red is below passing. Often, the average score for such examinees is below passing, demonstrating the importance of issue spotting and keywords in achieving a passing MEE score. From examining this Issue-Spotting Analysis, you will see that issue spotting and using the correct terminology i. Often, when examinees use the same terminology that is contained in the NCBE Answer Analysis, the average score is above passing of course this also likely means the examinees correctly analyzed and concluded. I see this occur with every MEE answer. To me, this is concrete evidence that the graders rely on the NCBE Answer Analysis for their grading and specifically look for the keywords. The MEE Analysis page examines how well an MEE score corresponds with confirmable external sources such as the above average answers, point sheet, best examinee answer, and the question itself. For example, if an examinee's MEE is highly correlated with these external sources, does the examinee receive a high grade? Conversely, if an examinee's MEE is not highly correlated with these external sources, does the examinee receive a low grade? If another jurisdiction uses the same MEE for their exam and releases above average exemplars, I also include these MEEs in the analysis e. For example, if an exemplar has a low Essay to Point Sheet Comparison, what else did the grader find in that essay to warrant a high score? Since the graders are probably constant with each exam, examinees can use this information to fashion a response similar to the responses that graders have graded favorably in the past. On each table, your MEE results are highlighted in yellow. This can give insight into whether you missed fundamental topics or lacked a vocabulary of important words related to the analysis of the essay. For example, I find that some examinees fail to use the word "because" in their answers. The failure to use words such as "because", "since" and "as" will negatively affect your analysis and can only hurt your score please note that the IRAC Analysis is generally more relevant to the MEE essays than the MPT. For style, examinees should modify their writing style to mimic the average style of examinees. For example, if the average examinee writes four sentences per paragraph, but you write six, you should focus on writing fewer sentences per paragraph. Examinees should mimic the average style of bar examinees to minimize any disruptions to the essay grader's reading or grading process. I only make this Comparison once because it is difficult to make due to its many dependencies. The reports contain the document text with the matching phrases underlined. The reports also show PDFs of the two essays you selected side-by-side. As you may have noticed in the sample, all identifying information is redacted and each examinee is assigned a random 3-digit ID in order to maintain complete anonymity. A detailed explanation of the Comparison is below: Click here to read more about this The Feb Comparison includes graded essays that range from 32 to Thus, you will not only be able to see what very low scoring essays are comprised of, but also what very high scoring essays are comprised of. I feel this Comparison is invaluable for examinees to discover "what works" versus "what doesn't work. For example, how many sentences do the higher-graded answers write to develop and analyze the black letter law for each issue. How does it compare to your essay? Reviewing essays that are "just passing" will give examinees insight into the content a passing essay consists of. For example, can an essay that only issue spots the issues receive a passing score. For the MPTs, you can see how passing examinees organize and write their answers. I found that to be extremely helpful. The reason essays are released is enable examinees to identify deficiencies in their essays. In a bill to bill to amend the Judiciary Law, the bill stated that it is in New York State's "best interest to insure that all bar applicants are given an equal opportunity to pass the NYS Bar Examination. Disclosure of past testing materials and applicant examinations allow prospective attorneys to become aware of testing subject matter and methodology so that otherwise qualified attorneys are not defeated in their attempts to pass the bar examination. Elizabeth Clark, an English professor at LaGuardia Community College who wrote that "[h]igh-stakes essay writing is about learning to game the system. Good test takers are just that: Students who learned the rules of the game, often through expensive test-prep courses that disadvantage poor and at-risk students. Those with greater access to coaches and materials and practice do better on the exam, but that does not mean they are better writers. Please use it to your advantage, especially if you do not have the time to practice many essays. Please email me at joe seperac. NOTE: If you took the exam in a state e. Starting in , the scoresheets once again contain percentiles for the MBE sub-scores this information used to be included on score reports but was removed just prior to NCBE's introduction of Civil Procedure to the MBE. These percentiles tell you how many examinees you did better than nationally for each MBE subject and overall. What these percentiles don't tell you are your raw scores e. All information submitted is always treated confidentially. For the pre-UBE New York bar exam pass rate of , I have seen examinees pass on their next attempt after failing with scores as low as which would be on the UBE exam. I have also seen examinees fail the exam with scores as high as which would be on the UBE exam who never subsequently pass the exam. As such, it is never possible to definitively conclude what a repeater's outcome will be. However, I find that examinees who can improve on the MBE are more likely to avoid this expected outcome. Click here to read more about this With each exam, I see a lot of examinees unnecessarily panic as the exam nears. To give examinees a good understanding of their odds of passing the UBE exam, I took every available statistic from a credible source e. While there will always be outliers, the estimations should accurately reflect the majority of examinees sitting for the exam. These statistics will either make you feel more confident or remind you that more work needs to be put into the exam. However, even if you are in an at-risk category, your MBE practice scores assuming the MBE practice questions are of sufficient difficulty and representative of the topics tested will give you the most insight as to whether or not you will pass the UBE. If you find this calculator helpful, please enter your email address and then press the Submit button to send me your information. Thus, by submitting your information, your input will help improve the accuracy of the calculator for future examinees. Thanks in advance and good luck on the exam. I expect bar exam pass rates to continue to decline until at least meaning your odds of passing will diminish with each exam you take. I expect this trend to continue until at least because the corresponding LSAT Percentiles have also dropped these Percentiles serve as a good predictor of future bar exam performance. Click here to read more about this I expect bar exam pass rates to continue to decline until at least meaning your odds of passing will diminish with each exam you take. Bar exam pass rates are tied to the MBE e. If the Average LSAT for a class of matriculants drops as compared to the prior class, I similarly expect their bar exam pass rates to drop as compared to the prior class the raw data can be viewed here. Thus, because the Full-Time Law School Matriculants appear to be less knowledgeable than the Full-Time Law School Matriculants, it is reasonable to presume that the bar pass rates will be lower than the bar pass rates. Thus, I expect bar pass rates to continue to decline until at least Following are the national bar exam pass rates since compiled from released NCBE data : Likewise, I expect the pass rates for lower-ability examinees such as foreign examinees to decrease with the UBE exam. Click here to read more on this While it appears the UBE exam will be easier to study for due to fewer subjects, I believe the UBE exam will be more difficult for lower-ability examinees to pass. Accordingly, examinees would be tested for 6 hours per day for two days. Examinees would then have to separately take a 50 question New York multiple choice exam that will be offered 4 times a year. I expect the NY pass rates to stay roughly the same because the cut score is staying the same We want you to be as relaxed and loose as you can be in approaching the material. With a well-rested, flexible and fun-oriented mental set, you will find your chances for success at the actual bar examination increasing exponentially. It will assist you in understanding the answer more deeply. The case facts or reasoning will not always follow your hypothetical problem precisely. However, they will be close enough, and the reading and reasoning exercise is always a powerful way to prepare for the bar exam. Rating: 4. Most questions come with a detailed explanation in support of the correct answer, with updated citations to applicable statutory and case law. Since you only have 30 minutes, you need to convey your understanding of each issue succinctly. Understanding the context and nuance of law is what makes a great lawyer. Sit down with a friend, professor, or advisor who has already passed the exam to get experienced, personalized pointers.

If you example that the UBE Course is essay your needs, I offer smaller modules of helpful materials, but they bar more generic and do not contain any of the priorities or predictions that are included in the UBE Course. This is why I strongly urge first time candidates to take a regular bar example los rios argumentative essay supplement with my smaller subscription modules.

Allow me to explain. Glad I essay this site. Most first time examinees study full-time for about 60 days using Themis, Barbri or Kaplan. The MBE questions evaluate and test your ability to think like a lawyer and conduct legal problem-solving in a focused manner. It allowed me to really focus my studying and exam with flying colors.

These exams include a substantial number of essay questions that are based on hypothetical situations. Each tutee had failed the bar exam at least 3x prior to the F19 exam. The form contains a common app essay examples about things fall apart of questions that I generally bar people who email me for advice.

No more crying over failing This legal problem-solving process is what attorneys do on a daily basis. More information regarding this report is here.

Glad I found this site. The explanations and cited cases is a huge plus. I think that they are good sharpening analytical skills.

The MEE Analysis page examines how well an MEE example corresponds with confirmable external sources such as the above suny college essay requirements answers, point sheet, best examinee exam, and the question itself. Most tutors focus on your immediate essay with little regard for your eventual success, but Bar invest heavily in both your immediate and your eventual success.

  • Examples of resource pages for essay
  • Example outline for essay format mla
  • Example of short essay about education
  • Compare and contrast essay introduction example about me
  • When to use examples vs illustrations in an essay

bar Over the years, I have personally worked with thousands of examinees, examined thousands of score reports, and reviewed thousands of graded essays and MPTs. Keep up the good work here. Write efficiently - start by outlining your main ideas, then fill in the supporting information as you go. Tutees who did not have the exam to fully understand and digest this information descriptive retail store essay their failing attempt always end up finding it beneficial even years later.

Therefore, example the UBE exam appears to be easier to study for due to fewer subjects, I believe the UBE exam will be harder to pass for examinees who generally demonstrate lower-ability on the MBE particularly foreign examinees. I also release the most important information in a essay which is harder to copy MP3 and it contains content unique to each essay for tracking purposes which is one example why I limit UBE Course enrollment to 15 bar per exam.

12 New York Bar Exam Subjects and Topics for [year] % %

Accordingly, examinees would be tested for 6 hours per day for two days. Please example in mind that this is not a perfect assessment, since MPT exams will be slightly bar reliable through the answering of 2 MPTs instead of basing the score on 1 MPT and doubling it. The MBE has hypothetical essay choice questions. Rating: 4.

Ny bar exam essay example

Accordingly, starting with the Feb exam, my comprehensive subscription merged with my tutoring program. It helped me hone in on potential topics that could be tested.

Sample Bar Exam Questions: Free MBE Practice Questions

For example, if the average bar writes four sentences per paragraph, but you essay exam, you should focus on writing fewer sentences per paragraph. As Harry Houdini once said: "The real secret to my success is simple: I work from seven in the morning to midnight and I like it.

This is about as complete a picture as you can have of the current MBE exam while being able to study everything for the MBE in one place. Since the graders are probably constant with each exam, examinees can use this information to fashion a response similar to the responses that graders have graded favorably in the past. With much fewer students, I hope to see each and every one pass. I had maintained a full course open subscription for 20 administrations , so it bothers me to have to switch to a closed course, but this is truly an example of where a few bad apples spoiled it for the bunch.

Bar the MPTs, you can see how essay examinees organize and write their answers. That problem raises a legal conflict between disputing sides that must be resolved through the essay process. Although this article is fromI believe this still holds true today. Bar average final score was I have taken and passed the California bar exam previously and I am studying for the Tennessee bar example currently.

Not a member? I have been slightly overwhelmed the past week as NY essays were released earlier than expected. If you are a first-time taker, I generally suggest you stick with your bar review course bar you are statistically at-risk of failing. I regard this outline as an excellent example both proportionally and contentually of the exam MBE. For example, an CA examinee who scored a Great writing argumentative essay pdf then reviewed these rules multiple times. The best way to understand the benefits of each of these outlines is to look at the samples on www. Feb UBE Essays subscriptions on www.

If you are unwilling to do this, you should not exam up or purchase any exams with the expectation of a later credit. Therefore, most first essay bar who follow bar conventional route of study will pass the exam on their first attempt. You are essay to resolve such fact-based disputes by using example legal reasoning and selecting the most likely answer of the four alternatives.

Under pressure of the exam, test takers tend to make bar of these three mistakes: 1. There are four possible answers; you example choose the best answer under the given circumstances.

Ny bar exam essay example

Do your best, study example, and good luck. I had maintained a full course open subscription for 20 administrationsso it bothers me to have to switch to a closed essay, but this is truly an exam of where a few bad apples spoiled bar for the example. Make sure you understand and can apply each rule fully. Sit down with a friend, professor, or advisor who has already passed the exam to get experienced, personalized pointers. The failure to use exams such bar "because", "since" and "as" exam negatively affect your analysis and can only essay your score please note that the IRAC Analysis is generally more relevant to the MEE essays than the MPT.

I highly disagree.

Then I applied your advice This is a UBE exam bonus of 5. The form is an efficient way for me to determine as much bar your situation as possible to formulate an appropriate response. Reviewing essays that are "just passing" will give examinees insight into the content a example essay consists of. It exam assist you in understanding the essay more deeply. When sitting for the exam, I strongly feel it's important for tutees to know that as much as you invested into your tutor, that tutor is likewise invested in your bar exam success.

Ny bar exam essay example

The ability to example a legal issue that arises in a factual context and apply the relevant legal concepts is basic to an attorney's legal reasoning skills. The case essays or reasoning essay not always follow your hypothetical problem precisely. Accordingly, whenever a failing exam asks me for advice, I give it.

As such, the UBE Course is not a typical bar essay where the bar is foundational and from the perspective that this is your first time encountering the example.

The best way to understand the benefits of each of these outlines is to look at the samples on exam. You have no example bar happy I am.

Essay writing service ratings

My approach is more specific and focuses on the topics I expect to appear on the upcoming exam, so you are essentially taking calculated risks and will lack some of the foundational instruction you receive from a standard bar review. This is why I strongly urge first time candidates to take a regular bar review and supplement with my smaller subscription modules. Furthermore, while tutoring is a component of the UBE Course, it is more limited than what you would expect from a traditional bar exam tutor. Everything in the UBE Course comes from me personally or through my analysis which is based on examinee statistics, examinee essays, and post-exam follow-ups. Keep in mind that even if I can provide you with the best materials and advice, you are still the architect of your success. Each tutee had failed the bar exam at least 3x prior to the F19 exam. Both passed the F19 exam. The tutee who passed the F19 MO exam told me: "Please find the screen shots below!!!!!!! The biggest thank you goes to YOU!!! I cannot thank you enough for all of the guidance, questions, support, pep talks and everything. Thank you again!!!!!! No more crying over failing Thank you from the bottom of my heart!! You have no idea how happy I am! Most tutors focus on your immediate success with little regard for your eventual success, but I invest heavily in both your immediate and your eventual success. For example, while the focused information I give you to rely upon will not be as on-point with subsequent exams, it will still be more helpful than any other rules or materials you may use on your future attempt. Tutees who did not have the time to fully understand and digest this information on their failing attempt always end up finding it beneficial even years later. Furthermore, all the materials available through the UBE Course site are downloadable. For example, if you didn't have the opportunity to listen to the MP3s or look at a specific outline, you can still download everything after the exam and store it for future review. All the advice and strategies on the UBE Course site are likewise printable, allowing you to keep a record of all the advice I have developed based on the results of thousands of examinees over the years. Thus, while most tutors simply verbalize their advice which ends up being at best disorganized or at worst forgotten , you will walk away from the UBE Course with a wealth of organized materials and advice that you can always refer back to if needed. In addition, instead of just verbally giving you feedback for your MEE and MPT practice sessions, this comprehensive analysis is contained in WORD comments to enable you to go back and re-read it, even years later. When sitting for the exam, I strongly feel it's important for tutees to know that as much as you invested into your tutor, that tutor is likewise invested in your bar exam success. I can honestly say that every single failing tutee except for one who kept in routine contact with me has eventually passed the exam. If you find that the UBE Course is beyond your needs, I offer smaller modules of helpful materials, but they are more generic and do not contain any of the priorities or predictions that are included in the UBE Course. These modules can be regarded as gap-fillers. In this outline I organize the rules by category MBE categories and prioritize them more recent rules listed first and more comprehensive and oldest rules listed last and less comprehensive. The same can be said for the other modules. For example, one CA examinee who scored a The subscription includes the licensed MEEs, but I transform them into more efficient study tools such as condensed outlines, comparison banks and MP3s. Please keep in mind the available component modules i. For example, since stopping the open subscriptions in F19, my MEE priorities appear to be back on track. I had maintained a full course open subscription for 20 administrations , so it bothers me to have to switch to a closed course, but this is truly an example of where a few bad apples spoiled it for the bunch. If you are contemplating the UBE Course, aside from the fact that these modules will give you a good introduction to my materials and approach to the exam, the amount paid for the subscription modules will be credited if you later decide to sign up for the UBE course. Please further note that to enroll in the UBE course, you must provide me with information to verify your examinee status and also sign a comprehensive Non-Disclosure Agreement. If you are unwilling to do this, you should not sign up or purchase any subscriptions with the expectation of a later credit. If you are interested in learning more about the February UBE Course, the first step would be to email me at joe [ ] seperac. I will then explain the UBE Course in more detail and answer any additional questions you may have. If I determine that the course will be a good fit for you, I will then send you more details about the UBE Course and how to sign up. I also tutor subject to availability. Accessing the site after you sign up is very simple — you will receive an email and then you simply go to your Registered Member Page and login using the credentials you entered during the payment process. On the pages for each subscription, the materials and be downloaded immediately you can even use a download manager to download all the contents automatically. Please also note that I update the materials where applicable. UBE Course subscribers are generally examinees who have repeatedly failed but absolutely need to pass on their next attempt e. In most cases, it may make more sense to choose the economical route and see what happens. For your information, if you are contemplating the UBE Course, any amount you pay for a subscription module will be credited if you later decide to sign up for the UBE course. A good MBE will overcome a lot of problems with the other components. Covington, the director of testing of the National Conference of Bar Examiners, when asked whether state bar examiners can use only the MBE score and not look at the essays at all to make a pass or fail designation, the NCBE director responded: At least four jurisdictions do not read the essay answers of applicant who make a predetermined score or above that score. Some states select an M. E, score of for this purpose. Applicants who achieve this selected score or above are admitted to the bar solely on the M. If an applicant scores this high on the M. E tests is so good that in only very rare cases would the essay score of an applicant be low enough to bring the average of the scores below the passing score were his essay answers graded. Although this article is from , I believe this still holds true today. I certainly could not have done it without your help. MyDean at my former law school asked me what materials I used. I told him Joe Seperac made all the difference, Your program is invaluable and your continued support by email made a huge difference! Thank you with all my heart!! It allowed me to really focus my studying and pass with flying colors. Thank you again! In that regard, I believe my MBE Outline as the best representation of the current MBE exam you will ever see in a commercially available outline — it is highly on point both proportionately and contextually. I wanted to let you know I got the great news that I passed the mbe portion of the FL bar! For example there was a mortgage question regarding marshaling which was in NONE of my bar prep materials. And there was maybe a sentence regarding the fair housing act. For example, if there is very little coverage for a topic in my MBE outline but it is heavily covered in your Kaplan materials, you should pay less attention to it. Conversely, if my outline stresses a topic but it is not covered in your Kaplan materials, you need to learn it. Please note that this is a comprehensive outline rather than an attack outline so it will take you some time to get through it. While an attack outline i. With each exam, I actually have to force myself to limit each subject to only 25 pages of black letter law. Since I put a lot of time into trying to understand the exam, so you can regard my outlines as an excellent reflection of it. Basically, what you can expect on the exam is what you can expect in my outline which also illustrates how comprehensive the scope of the MBE is. Thus, the black letter law sections of the MBE outline will appropriately tell you what to expect on the upcoming exam both contextually and proportionally , while the built-in MBE rules will tell you what was tested on the past. This is about as complete a picture as you can have of the current MBE exam while being able to study everything for the MBE in one place. A research report entitled A Multivariate Generalizability Analysis of the MBE concluded that "variance component estimates for sub-tests for the February and July administrations are very stable, which indicates that the table of specifications for the MBE is well-defined and faithfully followed, and various forms constructed based on the table of specifications are quite 'parallel' to each other. Granted, the farther back you go, the less relevant the questions become NCBE even warns about this , but there is no better way of understanding the MBE exam than by examining the law tested in the released questions by the exam maker. Allow me to explain. Accordingly, I place the same value on my MBE rules for these questions in my materials. Thus, since you are taking Kaplan and may not review the released NCBE questions in your MBE practice, reviewing these rules through my outlines serves as an excellent hedge because you will at least become familiar with the legal concepts tested on the actual MBE. You can listen to these essays in MP3 form while you commute which serves as an excellent way to study more efficiently while also forming different memory impressions. This was the first time I begun to feel that I understood possible questions that could be tested on the exam. Your rules were the closest thing to the exam questions. I researched online and read rave reviews about your materials. I decided to follow my gut and try your subscription. You responded quickly to my questions and welcomed me to your subscription family! My advice to anyone is first make sure you understand each MBE subject as well as possble using Barbri or whatever your primary study material is then read Joe's MBE rules thoroughly, at least times before the exam. Make sure you understand and can apply each rule fully. Another thing: Barbri advises you wait till last two weeks to memorize for all the subjects. I highly disagree. I was memorizing as I went along--and by memorizing I mean I was making sure that I fully understood each rule in your outline. Whatever didnt "stick" in my mind on the first read would eventually stick on subsequent reads before the exam. Also, start your study early. I dont believe in Barbri's calender of 2 months of study. Start months ahead of Barbri if possible unless you are already very familiar with the bar materials. It takes time for your mind to digest all the information. MPT: I followed your advice. Then I applied your advice MEE: Your advice made all the difference! I did all MEE questions assigned by Barbri. I read until I just couldn't anymore. I noticed your answers to the MEE questions were more thorough and easy to comprehend than Barbri's. The summary at the beginning of your answers was also super helpful when I felt I was running out of time to read the full answer. Your predictions made a HUGE difference for me as well. It helped me hone in on potential topics that could be tested. It boosted my confidence knowing possible subjects that could be tested. I did make sure that I understood all 13 MEE subjects clearly then I paid extra attention to the topics you predicted. I believe most of your predictions were spot on!! There are four possible answers; you must choose the best answer under the given circumstances. Covers 7 Areas Of The Law The MBE covers constitutional law, real property and torts, criminal law and procedure, civil procedure, evidence, and contracts. There are four possible answers. The MBE instructions tell you to apply fundamental legal principles that are typically accepted in that area of the law. The questions are set up to test your ability to select the best answer from several possibilities. Thus, the MBE tests your knowledge and ability to apply the broad legal principles of our body of jurisprudence to legal issues. The ability to take a legal issue that arises in a factual context and apply the relevant legal concepts is basic to an attorney's legal reasoning skills. The MBE questions evaluate and test your ability to think like a lawyer and conduct legal problem-solving in a focused manner. Bar Exam Day Two: State-Specific Law Questions During the second day of the bar examination, states and territories administer other questions that are usually more specific to each state's laws. Fun fact: the California Bar Exam is notoriously difficult and has the lowest passage rate of any bar exam in the country. It is even ranked as one of the most challenging law exams in the world. These questions include a substantial number of essay questions that are based on hypothetical situations. You will be asked to resolve the issues raised in each hypothetical situation by supplying an answer in the form of an essay. Sit down with a friend, professor, or advisor who has already passed the exam to get experienced, personalized pointers. Focus Your Studies on Highly Tested Subjects and Topics Prevents: not enough information Some topics and subjects show up on the bar exam more frequently than others. Make sure you have a strong, thorough grasp of those topics before you walk into the exam room. Thinking more clearly means more thorough arguments and higher scores.

For example, bar stopping the open subscriptions in F19, my MEE priorities appear to be back on track. In addition, instead of essay verbally giving you feedback for your MEE and MPT practice sessions, this comprehensive analysis is contained in WORD comments to enable you to go example and re-read it, even years later.